IBD or the inflammatory bowel disease is also known as Crohn’s disease. This health condition causes inflammation of the digestive tract lining which leads to sever diarrhea, malnutrition and abdominal pain. In different patients, Crohn’s disease has involved different areas of their digestive tract. What’s worse is that this disease is very likely to spread deeper into the layers of affected areas of the bowel tissue. Crohn’s disease is similar to ulcerative colitis, as it can be both debilitating and painful, plus it can cause even life-threatening complications. At this moment, there are no known cures and medications for this health condition, but existing therapies can reduce the symptoms and signs of Crohn’s disease greatly. In some cases, appropriate medical treatments can bring about long lasting remission. If treated well, patients can be able to function very well even if they suffer from Crohn’s disease.
As in any other disease, signs and symptoms of this health condition range from very mild to severe. Crohn’s disease can come without warning or it might develop gradually. There are periods of time, remissions, when patients have no symptoms of signs of the disease. However, if it’s active, these are possible symptoms and signs:
Diarrhea – the inflammation causes the cells of an affected tissue to secrete larger amounts of salt and water and colon simply cannot completely absorb these excess fluids.
Cramping and abdominal pain – because the inflammation causes the walls of an affected area of digestive tract to swell and thicken with the scar tissue. In more serious cases, the abdominal pain may even include vomiting and nausea.
Stool Blood – bowel might bleed, but also food moving through the inflamed tissues of digestive tract can cause bleeding. Patients notice darker blood (in their stool) or bright blood (in the toilet bowl), but sometimes bleeding cannot be seen.
Ulcers – in intestine and mouth.
Weight loss / Reduced appetite.
*For more information on Crohn’s Disease and the ways to treat it, check out Crohn’s Blog.