Skin Cancer – Things to Know
Cancer can occur in any organ of our body and if it is so, it can occur in our skin too, because skin is also an organ of our body, in fact the largest organ. In short, like any other organ, in which cancer starts with the growth of malignant cells, in skin too, it starts the same way. But the skin cancer is of different types. It’s important that you know what skin cancer looks like, how to identify it and what the treatment options are. Expert surgeons at Surgical-Dermatology.com, a leading center for skin cancer surgery in Las Vegas, give us this valuable information.
Skin cancer is the commonest cancer in the world and around 75% of the cancers diagnosed are skin cancers. But the good news is that it’s mostly cured successfully. However, being so widespread, the disease is can be a major health issue. It’s also worrisome that its cases are rising, although most of them can be avoided by limiting exposure of skin to UV radiation.
Skin cancer is more prevalent in men than in women and its risk increases with age. Patients diagnosed with skin cancer are generally fall in the age group of 45 to 54, even though all types of the disease are now occurring more in younger individuals. Also, if chances of skin cancer increase if your any close relative suffer or suffered from skin cancer.
It’s good about skin cancer that it is easily seen and detected in its early stages because skin is our outermost organ. This is the reason why skin cancer is mostly cured.
Types of Skin Cancer
Two major types of skin cancer are considered – melanoma and nonmelanoma.
Melanoma is comparatively aggressive and life-threatening type of skin cancer and can take place in intensely pigmented tissues, like a birthmark or a mole. But it also occurs in normal skin. It is the most prevalent in extremities, back or chest, though it can rarely occur in other points too, even in the eye. Melanoma is so aggressive that it can spread to other organs too, like bones.
The nonmelanoma cancer again falls in two types – one includes basal cells and the other includes squamous cells. Both these are rarely dangerous. Their growth is quite slow and they rarely spread to other organs.
There are six types of treatment options for skin cancer:
- Radiation therapy
- Biologic therapy
- Photodynamic therapy
- Targeted therapy
New treatments are constantly being introduced and evolving. Of these, Mohs micrographic surgery, developed by Dr. Frederick Mohs, has proven to be the most effective. This surgery has been added a few refinements and growing number of surgeons are using it.
Skin cancer can be prevented by:
- Avoiding heavy sun exposure, especially between 10 am and 2 pm
- Wearing a brimmed hat, long sleeves and pants, and sunglasses
- Using a sunscreen with SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 30 or more while you are under sunlight
- Having an annual mole check
- Reporting any abnormal skin lesion to your doctor
Fortunately skin cancer can be detected early and you should be careful about it; it’s better to prevent it or get it treated early. The mission of Surgical Dermatology is to offer exclusive care and the most sophisticated treatment to their patients of skin cancer, acne scars and more. Contact them for any skin problems.