What you need to know about Rheumatoid Arthritis
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis exhibit variations in occurrence and intensity. Different patients show different symptoms in this illness. The symptoms can occur and vanish. Amongst some patients, there is a time during which a few or no signs are exhibited and their ailment is passive during that period. Whereas, some other patients show continuous signs for many months.
Though this ailment may be manifested in any of the parts of the body, joints are the usual site where it takes place. Joints get inflamed. Inflammation is considered as a natural response of the body to any viral or other type of infection or other foreign particle’s attack, but in rheumatoid arthritis, the reason for inflammation is not known.
Joint inflammation is thought of as a hallmark symptom in RA. To start with, the joints become hard. Their motion becomes hindered. Among these too, morning stiffness takes place inevitably and this stiffness may remain for many hours.
This is followed by swelling, which is seen because of the fluid that gets in the joint to turn it softly rounded and results into increased stiffness.
Forthcoming constituting factor of inflammation is pain. As the joint turns tender and sensitive, pain forms an inevitable part of continued inflammation.
Other factor of inflammation is redness of skin upon the joint. This skin appears more pinkish or reddish than the adjacent skin.
This illness may take place in any joint, however hands are nearly inevitably affected. The symptoms are depicted in a symmetrical pattern, which means, in the same kind of joints on both sides of the body. Other joints that are affected are, those in elbows, shoulders, knees, neck, wrists and sometimes the joints of the jaws as well.
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis can show all over the body and they are caused by the proceeding of inflammation. These signs exhibit a lot of variations, e.g. tiredness, feeling of illness, loss of hunger resulting in decreased weight and aching muscles. They are identical with the symptoms of influenza, however are less immense and long-lasting.
At times rheumatoid arthritis may exhibit something termed as rheumatoid nodules. These are nodules below the skin and appear normally on the elbows. They are painful sometimes.
Another symptom is the gruffness of voice and it is resultant of the joint inflammation of the larynx or voice box, which is known as, the cricoarytenoid joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis may give rise to inflammation in the lining of lungs and heart too, however it doesn’t depict any symptoms in almost all cases. Lungs may get even damaged because of the illness, which too shows no signs. In case of lungs, breathlessness and in case of heart, shortness of breath or pain in the chest are the signs, if they show at all. Sometimes patients of rheumatoid arthritis are more vulnerable to plugged arteries in the heart, which can lead to pain in the chest and cardiac failure. Short breath because of the inflammation of the lining of lungs can be given a treatment of medicines that handle the inflammation.
Very rarely, i.e., in less than 5% of people, eyes also are affected due to rheumatoid arthritis. In such a condition, signs like redness and pain in the eyes and also sometimes dryness are seen.
When symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are manifested, it is extremely needed to treat them, as, hurried and exact treatment can cease further increase in rheumatoid arthritis.